Protecting your personal wealth
Top up your pension pot
If you have cash to spare, putting it into your personal pension is a wise move, particularly as life expectancies continue to increase. With many people looking forward to a retirement of around 20 years or more, planning ahead is crucial, as a state pension will simply not be enough to meet all your future financial needs.
You can pay up to £235,000 into your pension fund in 2008-09, free of tax, so if you are a higher rate taxpayer, each £1,000 payment into the fund will cut your tax bill by £400.
You can also put up to £3,600 into pensions for children, grandchildren and non-working spouse or civil partner, with full tax relief.
Reducing your inheritance tax bill
Inheritance tax is currently payable at 40% on assets exceeding £312,000, so if you own your own home and have life insurance policies, pensions and savings, your estate could be liable to inheritance tax.
There are a number of tax-efficient ways to reduce your liability. Particularly significant are “lifetime gifts” (gifts made in your lifetime), which are tax-free or potentially tax-free, providing you survive for seven years from the date of the gift.
These include any number of gifts of up to £250 in any one tax year and certain gifts to a bride or bridegroom on their marriage. Each parent can give £5,000, for example.
Up to £3,000 in other gifts in any one tax year are also exempt. If this sum is not used up in one tax year, it can be carried forward to the next, although no further.
A very important exemption is for gifts out of income. Certain conditions have to be met to satisfy the taxman but we can tell you how best to make use of this relief.
Gifts to charities, whether made during lifetime or on death, and to political parties are also inheritance tax free.
A n-ISA way to save
Make the most of your annual individual savings account (ISA) tax-free allowance, and any ISAs belonging to other members of your family.
The maximum annual deposit in an ISA in 2008-09 is £7,200 overall, of which no more than £3,600 can be in cash.
Nothing ventured, nothing gained
If you are considering the sale of a business, a second home, shares or other property, such as antiques or jewellery, which has increased in value, before the end of the tax year, you may be liable to capital gains tax.
Transferring assets between spouses can ensure that you both take full advantage of your capital gains tax allowance of £9,600 in the 2008-09 financial year.
Protecting your business wealth
A profitable approach
It’s worth seeking advice on the best way to extract profits from your business, whether through a salary, bonuses or as a dividend.
There are pros and cons to both, which need to be carefully considered, although dividends are paid free of national insurance contributions, which can produce considerable savings. The last date to pay a 2008-09 dividend is 5 April 2009.
Pension contributions can also be a tax-efficient way to take profit from your company. If the company pays your pension premium for you, your pension contributions do not attract employer or employee national insurance unlike your salary. The annual allowance for contributions into a pension scheme in 2008-09 is £235,000.
A capital idea
If you buy plant or machinery (other than cars) for your business, you can claim capital allowances.
You can deduct the first £50,000 of such expenditure from your taxable profits each year, with anything above £50,000 written off at 20% each year on the reducing balance, on an ongoing basis. Items classified as integral features – standard fittings within a building – attract a 10% writing down allowance.
Buying assets a few days before the end of your accounting year means you qualify for capital allowances a year earlier than if the purchase was made just after the year end.
Keep the cash flowing
Businesses can take advantage of a recent special measure, introduced in the Pre-Budget Report on 24 November 2008, to help the cash flow position of those that have recently become loss-making.
They will be able to carry back losses of up to a maximum of £50,000 against the profits of the previous three years. This measure will apply for a year from 24 November 2008 to both companies and unincorporated businesses.
Research pays off
Businesses that carry out research and development as part of their work may be eligible for generous research and development tax credits.
Defined as a genuine advance in science or technology – although not necessarily a huge one – research and development tax credits allow businesses employing less than 500 people to deduct 175 per cent of their qualifying expenditure when calculating taxable profits.
At a time when the economy is facing ongoing challenges, everyone is becoming more conscious of the need to manage their money in the most effective and tax-efficient way.
So seeking professional advice now on ways to make the most of your money as April fast approaches is a sensible step – this year and every year.
If you would like to find out more about measures for managing your business and personal wealth, please contact us.